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A contraction is a word made from a verb and another word. An apostrophe takes the place of any letters that are left out. A contraction can be made by joining a verb and the word not, a word and the verb is, and a pronoun and a verb. Here are some common contractions that students should know how to spell.

Verb + Not

aren't - are not haven't - have not
can't - cannot isn't - is not
couldn't - could not mustn't - must not
didn't - did not shouldn't - should not
doesn't - does not wasn't - was not
don't - do not weren't -were not
hadn't - had not won't - will not
hasn't - has not wouldn't - would not

Word + Is

here's - here is what's - what is
that's - that is where's - where is
there's - there is who's - who is

Pronoun + Verb

he'd - he would, he had they'll - they will
he'll - he will they're - they are
he's - he is, he has they've - they have
I'd - I would, I had we'd - we would, we had
I'll - I will we'll - we will
I'm - I am we're - we are
I've - I have we've - we have
it'll - it will who'll - who will
it's - it is, it has you'd - you would, you had
she'd - she would, she had you'll - you will
she'll - she will you're - you are
she's - she is, she has you've - you have
they'd - they would, they had  


Sometimes the contractions he'll, I'll, it's, there's, they're, we'd, we've, who's, and you're are confused with other words that sound the same. (heal/heel, aisle/isle, its, theirs, their/there, weed, weave, whose, your) Students must understand the different spellings and meanings of these words with the same sounds. (See Homophones section on the next page.)


Spelling Guide

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