Textbook Study Method
Surveying a Chapter
Marking Your Text
Marking a Chapter
Effective Textbook Study
Finding the Main Idea
The Cornell Notetaking System Diagramed and Explained
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Reduce ideas and facts to concise jottings and summaries as
cues for Reciting, Reviewing, and Reflecting.
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Record the lecture as fully and as meaningfully as possible.
THE CORNELL NOTETAKING SYSTEM
- Record. In the Notetaking Column, record as many
meaningful facts and ideas as you can. Use telegraphic sentences. but, make sure
you will be able to gain full meaning later. Write legibly.
- Reduce. After
class, summarize your notes by writing in single words and short phrases in the
Cue Column. Summarizing clarifies meanings, reveals relationships, establishes
continuity, and strengthens memory. Also, this thinking and writing of cues sets
up a perfect stage for studying for exams later.
- Recite. Cover the Notetaking
Column with a sheet of paper. Then, looking at the words and phrases in the Cue
Column only, recite aloud and in your own words the full lecture.
Professor Hans Bethe, nuclear physicist and Nobel Prizewinner, said,
"...creativity comes only through reflection." You reflect by asking
yourself the following questions, for example. What's the significance
of these facts? What principle are they based on? How can I apply them?
How do they fit in with what I already know? What's beyond them?
- Review. Spend ten minutes every week reviewing your notes. If you do
so, you'll retain a great deal for current use, as well as, for the
exam, which comes later.
Summary. Leave space at the bottom of each sheet for a summary.
Using Words and Phrases in Cue Column Illustrated
||Biology 101 -- Prof. Fairbanks -- Sept 18th
|Water affects weight
Importance of water in controlling weight
| - helps metabolize fat
1. Water helps body metabolize stored fat.
|| 2. Studies show:
|Increase water = decrease fat
|| a. Increase
water intake = fat deposits decrease
|Decrease water = increase fat
|| b. Decrease
water intake = fat deposits increase
|Kidney - liver relationship
|| 3. Why? Kidneys can't
function at capacity w/o enough water; so, some of the kidney's work is
dumped on liver.
|| a. Liver's
job is to metabolize fat.
|| b. If liver
does kidney's work, too; can't complete its own work
|| c. So, liver
metabolizes less fat, thus more fat is stored.
|Water affects hunger
|| d. If there's
sufficient water; then liver & kidneys do their complete jobs. Furthermore,
this leads to a natural loss of hunger, which means the intake of fewer
|Daily = 2 qts
|| 4. How much water
|| a. 2 qts
every day = 8 large glasses (8 oz.)
|Overweight = 1 extra glass per
|| b. If
overweight, one additional glass for every 25 lbs of excess weight.
|Water keeps body's
fluids in perfect balance. Water enables kidneys to function at maximum
level; thus, freeing liver to metabolize (burn) stored fat. To achieve
weight loss, drink 8 glasses (8 oz ones) of water. More if already
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